Cognitive Skills, Schooling Attainment, and Schooling Resources: What Drives Economic Growth?


  • Documentos de Trabajo CIEF


  • This paper presents evidence that students´ test scores at ages 9 to 15 are not a good proxy for a nation´s stock of human capital. Across countries test scores rise with increases in human capital up to $40,000/adult (2000$), but then decline as human capital increases up to $125,000/adult. Schooling attainment is a better proxy for the human capital stock than test scores, but it is not very useful for statistical analysis because it is not a precise measure. The nation´s stock of human capital, calculated from cumulative investment in schooling, is the schooling measure most correlated with national income.

fecha de publicación

  • 2009-11

Líneas de investigación

  • Cognitive Skills
  • Economic Growth
  • Education
  • Human Capital
  • Schooling


  • 10617