Political Competition And State Capacity: Evidence From A Land Allocation Program In Mexico [‘Politics And Economics In Weak And Strong States’],

Publicado en

  • The Economic Journal


  • We develop a model of the politics of state capacity building undertaken by incumbent parties that have a comparative advantage in clientelism rather than in public goods provision. The model predicts that, when challenged by opponents, clientelist incumbents have the incentive to prevent investments in state capacity. We provide empirical support for the model’s implications by studying policy decisions by the Institutional Revolutionary Party that affected local state capacity across Mexican municipalities and over time. Our difference-in-differences and instrumental variable identification strategies exploit a national shock that threatened the Mexican government’s hegemony in the early 1960s.

fecha de publicación

  • 2022

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